DONAUKANAL PARTITUR, Vienna, Austria
Gabu Heindl, Susan Kraupp

Donaukanal Partitur - Regulation- and Development-Guidelines for the Viennese Danube Canal
 
The project comprises two urban planning tools – one regulatory: the "Nicht-Bebauungsplan", one developmental: a series of "Urban Scores" – specifically designed for that linear urban waterfront along Vienna´s Danube Canal. These tools have become part of a more general debate on new city planning tools for public space.
 
The planning area consists of 162.500m2 of river bench land, valuable to the city: Vienna will grow considerably over the next 20 years (20.000 inhabitants yearly), demand for central housing and density is high. Similar to other cities recovering their river benches, Vienna also  experiences intense pressure from private investors to use this space for gastronomy. Therefore, Donaukanal Partitur may also take a leading role for the development of non-commercial leisure space in other city centres.
 
History: Donaukanal is a result of Otto Wagner´s late 19th century regulation plan. The first Vienna Metropolitan Railway was built along Donaukanal with "cinematographic" windows to the water – to name just one of many spatial qualities worth preserving, or enhancing.
 
Within the general change from industrial to cultural cities and as part of STEP 2005 Viennas Donaukanal was appointed a "target area" for city development and since then subjected to investments mostly from gastronomy. The area, which we call Vienna´s "low-line", has since become a lively place. However, consumption spaces increased to such a level that in some areas there is hardly any room left for non-commercial use – even though this was once a "free"/"cheap" recreation space in the middle of Vienna (called "Viennese Riviera" during the 1930s depression).
 
Process: Our process-based approach includes earlier studies, a masterplan and many stake-holders. Its goal is to create not some kind of "corporate identity" for this site, but a consistent planning culture when it comes to public space, to set up rules transparent to the public; a sort of advocacy planning in favour of future, still unknown ways of public interaction, intervention or use.
 
Non-Building Plan: In order to stop "privatizing" large pieces of the river bench, the basis for further development is the "Non-Building Plan". Relating to "building plans", this plan (sort of a Non-land-use-plan in the scale 1:500) describes all areas which are to be kept free from built structure in order to ensure enough room for pedestrians, cyclists, families, youth, tourists, etc. Special care is being taken to re-evaluate existing qualities of the space in order to allow joyful arrival, open waterfront access, open sight to ensure safety even with increased use.
 
Partituren (Scores): As a diagrammatic tool the Partituren "read" the linear place in the manner of a score, analysing existing and planning new infrastructure for future development. The Partituren involve built structures, landscape features, restoration, mobility, logistics, electricity, water, cleaning and waste management. Their goal is to strengthen public infrastructure independently of investors´ commercialization of space.
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